Beaconhurst School VLE

Category for courses in History.
  • Britain on the eve of war: political leadership and political parties; military preparedness for war; social and economic conditions.

    Britain at war: political leadership and the war-time government; military, naval and air strategies; diplomacy, war aims and alliances.

    The domestic impact of war: the military impact, emergency and defensive services, conscription; the effect on industry, agriculture, government finance and investment; social effects: evacuation, recruitment of women workers, social reforms and planned reforms; the reasons for the Labour victory in 1945.

    Britain in the post-war world: Labour social and economic policies; Labour imperial, foreign and military policies; Conservative recovery and factors causing the Labour defeat.

    Sources for Part 2 of the assessment will be selected from the following italicised areas:

    1. Military preparedness for war

    2. Political leadership and the wartime government

    3. Military, naval and air strategies

    4. Social effects: evacuation, the impact of the Blitz, recruitment of women workers, social reforms and

    planned reforms

    5. Labour social and economic policies

    6. Factors causing Labour’s defeat in 1951

    Detailed Descriptor

    1. Britain on the eve of war


    1.1 Political leadership and political parties

    • The condition of the Labour Party in 1939; the extent of its revival under

    Attlee; its major foreign and domestic policies and attitude to war.

    • The Conservative Party under Chamberlain; Chamberlain as a leader and the appropriateness of his foreign and domestic policies on the eve of war.


    Military preparedness for war

    The extent to which Britain was fully prepared for war in 1939: planning: developments in the army, navy and air force and in civil defence; industrial capacity.

    History: Unit Specification – Historical Study (AH) 55

    National Unit Specification: statement of standards (cont)


    Historical Study (Advanced Higher)


    1.3 Social and economic conditions

    • Social equality.

    • The north-south divide.

    • Class divisions.

    • Welfare/healthcare provision.

    • Educational opportunities.

    • Employment/unemployment.

    • Housing, diet, living standards.

    • Availability of leisure time and facilities.


    2. Britain at War


    2.1 Political leadership and the wartime government

    Chamberlain and the Phoney War. Government war strategy.

    Reasons for the fall of Chamberlain.

    The creation of the Coalition Government.

    The role and impact of Labour Ministers in the Coalition Government.

    Churchill as a wartime leader.

    • The main social and economic policies of the Coalition Government.


    2.2 Military, Naval and Air strategies

    The respective parts played by the army, navy and air force in securing victory: the Battle of Britain, the Battle of the Atlantic and the major theatres of land war.

    The importance and effectiveness of Bomber Command’s campaign against Germany.


    2.3 Diplomacy, war aims and alliances

    • The role of the Empire

    • Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin.

    • The Atlantic Charter.

    • The extent to which Britain had achieved its war aims by 1945.

    • Churchill’s imperial policies.

    3. The domestic impact of war


    3.1 Emergency services, conscription

    • The extent to which civil defence measures coped with the German military threat.

    • Conscription of men and women and the allocation of manpower during the war.

    3.2 The effect on industry, agriculture, government finance and investment

    • Government wartime economic policies.

    • The financing of the British war effort.

    • State control and management of key sectors of the economy.

    • Industrial relations in wartime.

    • The effects on the economy by 1945.

    History: Unit Specification – Historical Study (AH) 56

    National Unit Specification: statement of standards (cont)


    Historical Study (Advanced Higher)


    3.3 Social effects: evacuation, recruitment of women workers, social reforms and planned reforms

    The Blitz and its impact.

    The evacuation scheme – its organisation, degree of success and its impact on society.


    The extent to which wartime work had a profound and lasting impact on women’s lives.


    Social/welfare reforms of the Coalition Government. Their extent and impact.


    The importance of the Beveridge Report and subsequent ‘White Paper chase’ in stimulating post-war social reform.

    War as a catalyst for social change/reform.

    Diminution of class division.


    4. Britain in the post-war world


    4.1 The 1945 election

    • Decline in the fortunes of the Conservative Party, 1939-1945.

    The reasons for Labour’s electoral victory in 1945.


    4.2 Labour social and economic policies

    The management of the economy by the Labour Governments1945-1951.

    • The extent to which the policies of Labour Governments, 1945-1951, may be described as socialist.

    • The role of individual Ministers.

    The creation of the welfare state and social policy achievements by 1951.


    4.3 Labour imperial, foreign and military policies

    • Bevin as Foreign Secretary.

    • Britain between the superpowers.

    • The process of decolonisation; Indian independence; the extent to which the war hastened imperial decline.

    • Retreat from power in Greece, Turkey and the Middle East.

    • Britain’s role in the UN and NATO, participation in the Korean War.

    4.4 Conservative recovery and factors causing Labour’s defeat in 1951

    • Work of Butler and Woolton in reforming and regenerating the Conservative Party.

    • The extent to which political consensus had been achieved by 1951.

    Labour’s domestic difficulties 1950-1951.

    Reasons for Labour’s defeat in 1951.

    Self enrolment

    S1 Course Content:



    ∙ What we mean by the Renaissance and the types of changes Europe went through.


    Class research task and presentation on Leonardo Da Vinci


    ∙ Who the explorers were and where they went.


    Map making, and tracking of the routes of exploration


    ∙ The problems which explorers encountered.


    Looking at superstitions and real difficulties- what life was like at sea.



    ▪The Tudors:


    Henry VII,


    Henry VIII and his wives ▪


    The reasons for the closing of the Monasteries


    Making booklets on the wives of Henry the VIII, group task- monster or good king?


    Edward VI and Mary Tudor


    Elizabeth I. In depth study of her reign including the “marriage game”


    ▪ The life and death of Mary, Queen of Scots, in particular her relationship with her cousin.


    Code breaking



    ▪ Marriage in Tudor times


    ▪ The lives of Rogues and Vagabonds


    ▪Travelling by road in the Tudor period


    ▪Pirates and Privateers.


    The Spanish Armada


    The Gunpowder Plot


    The Pilgrim Fathers


    Looking at the impact settlers had on America- group research task.


    Group tasks on what to take on a voyage of discovery


    The Civil War


    Everyday Life in Stuart times







    Self enrolment





    1. 1066: Duke William beats King Harold


    P6-9 Questions p7 and 9


    (Foundation exercise available: newspaper reports 14th October 1066)



    The Feudal System


    P10-12 questions p11



    The Normans build castles




    P13 questions 1,3,4 and 5


    Question 2 can be drawn and labelled as an extension exercise.



    The Domesday Book


    P16-17 can be done as a homework exercise.



    Life on the Manor




    P 19: questions 2 and 3,


    P21: questions 1, 4and 6



    Death in the New Forest


    P22-23. Questions 1-7.


    Homework: Design a Town Crier’s document announcing the death of William Rufus.



    The Church in the Middle Ages


    P24-25. Questions 1 and 3


    (Foundation exercise available)



    Monks and Nuns




    P27: questions 1 and 2.


    P28: questions 1, 3 and 5



    Thomas Becket


    Homework exercise question 2



    Revision Exercise



    End of Unit Assessment



    The Crusades




    P35: questions 1,2,3 and 4



    Magna Carta


    Homework P38-39 questions 1 and 2



    Edward I, Wales and Scotland


    P40-41 questions1, 2 and 3


    (Depth study available: The English Conquest of Wales)


    Helping the Sick


    P42-43 questions 1-4



    The Black Death




    P45 questions 1-5,


    P47 questions 1 and 3


    (Foundation exercise available)



    Homework: The Peasants’ Revolt





    Life and Work in a Town




    P53 questions 1-5


    P54 questions 1-4


    (Foundation Exercise available)




    Markets and Fairs




    P59 question 1


    Homework: P57 Find out how much the things on the list would cost to buy today.



    Travelling by Road




    Questions 1,2 and 3



    Revision Exercise



    End of Unit Test




    Keeping Law and Order




    P65 questions 1 and 2


    P66 questions 1 and 2





    Sports and Entertainment





    Scenes from a Daily Life




    P71 questions 1,2 and 4


     P73 questions 1,2,3,


    Question 7 can be done as an extension exercise








    P75 questions 1,2,3,4,5 and 6


    P76 questions 1,2,3, and 4


    Question 7 can be done as an extension exercise




    Knights were Born to Fight




    Questions 1 and 2


    Draw your own family Coat of Arms


    (Foundation exercise available)




    The Wars of the Roses




    Questions1, 2and 3



    Scenes from Married Life




    Questions 1, 2,and 4


    Homework questions 5 and 6



    The Mystery of the Two Princes




    Class investigation into the mystery, design wall presentations.



    Looking Back


    A summary of the period



    Revision Exercise



    End of Unit Test


    Self enrolment

  • Paper 2 Migration and Empire- taught term 1. Examined by source questions, paper worth 30 marks.

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    Detailed descriptor


    The social effects of the development of the Scottish economy; industrialisation and urbanisation; the imperial context

    1.The migration of Scots

    2.The experience of immigrants in Scotland

    3.The impact of Scots emigrants on the Empire

    4.The effects of migration and empire on Scotland, to 1939

    Push and pull factors in internal migration and emigration: economic, social, cultural and political aspects; opportunity and coercion

    The experience of immigrants, with reference to Catholic Irish, Protestant Irish, Jews, Lithuanians and Italians; the reactions of Scots to immigrants; issues of identity and assimilation

    The impact of Scots emigrants on the growth and development of the Empire with reference to Canada, Australia, New Zealand and India in terms of :

    economy and enterprise

    culture and religion

    native societies

    The contribution of immigrants to Scottish society, economy and culture; the impact of the empire on Scotland


    The significance of migration and Empire in the development of Scottish identity

    Term 1 and 2 Paper 1

    Later Modern History - Germany 1815-1939

    A study of the growth of nationalism in nineteenth century Germany leading to the overcoming of obstacles to unification of the nation by 1871, and the development of extreme nationalism after 1918, illustrating the themes of nationalism, authority and conflict.


    Why did nationalism grow in the German States after 1815?

    (Romantic movement essay)

    How much had German Nationalism grown by 1850?

    (Zollverein essay)

    Why was unification so difficult to achieve between 1815 and 1871?

    Why was Germany united by 1871?

    (Bismarck and the Wars of Unification essay)

    Revision Test

    Why did the Nazis achieve power in 1933?

    (The failure of the Weimar Republic essay)

    How did the Nazis maintain power in Germany between 1933 and 1939?

    (Fear, force or reward essay)

    Revision test

    Term 2 and 3 Paper 1

    Later Modern History - Britain 1851 1951

    A study of the development of the United Kingdom into a modern democracy and the development of the role of the state in the welfare of its citizens, illustrating the themes of authority, ideology and rights.


    How and why did Britain become more democratic between 1867 and 1928?

    (Rise of Democracy essay)

    Why did women gain the right to vote?

    (Extension of the Franchise to women essay)

    Why did the Liberal Reforms happen?

    (Poverty in the 19th century essay)

    How successful were the Liberal Reforms?

    Revision test

    (Eradication of poverty? Essay)

    How well Labour deal with social problems after the Second World War?

    (The creation of a welfare state essay)

    Revision Test

    Self enrolment
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